With the change in political power from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party inthe South again was back to mainly all white governments which eliminated any political gains blacks had made during Reconstruction. However, the changes in the South from reflected traditional attitudes and policies, such as power in the hands of a conservative oligarchy, the maintaining of agriculture over industry as the primary source of economics, and the return of white supremacy, rather than the vision of the New South.
This ruling class consisted of both the old planter elite and new leaders that were merchants, industrialists, railroad developers, and financiers. Although the South had improved its industry, it had not. Despite their promise to economic development, they decreased spending, lowered taxes, and lessened state services.
Reconstruction After the Civil War By: The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organizations targeted local Republican leaders, white and black, and other African Americans who challenged white authority. They called themselves the "Redeemers" but many people called them the "Bourbons" because they were aristocrats.
When Democrats waged a campaign of violence to take control of Mississippi inGrant refused to send federal troops, marking the end of federal support for Reconstruction-era state governments in the South.
This shift in power was supposed to mark the beginning of the "New South" in which the virtues of thrift, industry, and progress would become the model characteristics of the South. Yet, with the end of Reconstruction inthe Republican Party lost control of the southern governments and the Democratic Party took over.
A century later, the legacy of Reconstruction would be revived during the civil rights movement of the s, as African Americans fought for the political, economic and social equality that had long been denied them.
After Johnson vetoed the bills—causing a permanent rupture in his relationship with Congress that would culminate in his impeachment in —the Civil Rights Act became the first major bill to become law over presidential veto. In a speech delivered on April 11, while referring to plans for Reconstruction in LouisianaLincoln proposed that some blacks—including free blacks and those who had enlisted in the military—deserved the right to vote.
African-American participation in southern public life after would be by far the most radical development of Reconstruction, which was essentially a large-scale experiment in interracial democracy unlike that of any other society following the abolition of slavery.
These repressive codes enraged many in the North, including numerous members of Congress, which refused to seat congressmen and senators elected from the southern states. Although the return of control to a powerful oligarchy was supposed to help the progress of the New South, their traditionalist beliefs and stingy economics only brought a return of a government similar to which ran the South before the Civil War.
Racism was still a potent force in both South and North, and Republicans became more conservative and less egalitarian as the decade continued. The first bill extended the life of the bureau, originally established as a temporary organization charged with assisting refugees and freed slaves, while the second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens who were to enjoy equality before the law.
Visit Website Did you know? In exchange for certification of his election, he acknowledged Democratic control of the entire South. Grant in took aim at the Klan and others who attempted to interfere with black suffrage and other political rights, white supremacy gradually reasserted its hold on the South after the early s as support for Reconstruction waned.
It was still very unclear, however, what form this revolution would take.
Many people formed groups and movements the Readjuster movement in protest of these choices by the "Redeemers," yet all of these movements failed and the "Bourbons" remained in control. Duke founded the American Tobacco Companythe iron plus steel industry that boomed out of Birmingham, Alabama, and the railroad companies that helped the South double its amount of trackage from In —after an economic depression plunged much of the South into poverty—the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives for the first time since the Civil War.
Other industries that experienced an increase in production after Reconstruction were the tobacco-processing industry James B. Apart from being required to uphold the abolition of slavery in compliance with the 13th Amendment to the Constitutionswear loyalty to the Union and pay off war debt, southern state governments were given free reign to rebuild themselves.
These improvements included the fourteenth amendment citizenship and equal protection under the law to blacks and the fifteenth amendment voting rights for blacks of the Constitution.
This era is known for the advancements made in favor of racial equality. Also, in those areas of improvement, such as textiles and railroads, a large amount of the financial resources came from the North. In the contested presidential election that year, Republican candidate Rutherford B.Reconstruction After the Civil War.
The period of Reconstruction began during the Civil War and ended in This era is known for the advancements made in /5(1). Reconstruction After the Civil War - A research paper on the reconstruction after the Civil War will go into Lincoln's process of readmitting the Confederate states to the national fold.
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At the outset of the Civil War, to the dismay of the more radical abolitionists in the North, President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal. How to Write a Research Paper on Reconstruction After the Civil War.
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Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction. The Civil War was the turning point in the US history, while the Reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the Civil War and changes launched by the war/5(10).Download