But it most likely originally belonged to his own Grandfather who died in or his parents who died in and respectively. Very quickly before the wax dries we place our wax seal firmly over the soft wax thereby leaving an impression from the seal and ensuring the wax has adhered firmly to the paper.
Gold Wax Seal with Carnelian Intaglio in middle foreground with sealing wax and another family owned gold seal at rear [From my own collection] We now make use of our wax seal by using a candle or preferably a wax taper used to light oil lamps to melt one end of our stick of sealing wax, allowing a sufficient amount to dribble onto the centre of the join on the reverse of our "envelope".
Acidic wood pulp for manufacturing paper did not commence until after but good quality "rag" paper generally continued to be used with formal letters for many years after this date.
Next, holding down the two side folds and again using your ruler, fold the letter horizontally upwards about 76mm from the bottom of the page. One could however write on the rear of the two side "flaps" of the letter explained below but that portion of the letter could be viewed during transit so would not be confidential.
Note that the reverse of one side flap has been written on. But this did not stop some well-known Novelists in indulging in "cross-writing" whole pages of their letters, even those sent in envelopes. This practice would have been considered as more appropriate for personal mail to a family member or close friend and would normally be kept to a minimum due to the likely loss of legibility.
The format of our letter Finally, upon completing and signing our letter we can move onto the final stage of creating our "envelope".
As with so many other things, there was a correct and proper way to do things and no one should be in any doubt as to how this should be achieved. My mid 19th century Coromandel Wood "Writing Slope" We shall also need our writing slope which normally holds all our writing requisites in various compartments.
Unless otherwise stated, all images are from my personal collections and may be freely copied provided this site is acknowledged. A flowing style of handwriting was fairly standard, partly on account of nib pens being more suitable for this style of writing lest the ink dribble and cause unsightly ink spots.
The paper, which is hand-made, will ordinarily have a visible watermark and will have been made of recycled and bleached fibre extracted from cotton and linen rags.
The etiquette around how to compose a letter, be it either for personal or business mail, was clearly laid out in popular letter writing manuals which covered the general format of most commonly written letters.
Blue ink appears not to have been in common use at this time.
My writing slope contains two small glass ink-wells with both black and dark brown ink. By my own experience this only comes with practice! As with many writing slopes, this one includes a secret compartment with small drawers to hold valuable items.
An Example of "Cross-Writing" [Source: Wikipedia] Under the reforms proposed by Rowland Hill, and upon the introduction in Great Britain of the famous adhesive "Penny Black" inpostage was now based on weight.
But in this high-tech age the art of writing a traditional letter has increasingly fallen victim to the ubiquitous and informal email or simply writing a short and often hurried message inside a Christmas, gift or condolence card. But black would be the standard colour to use for our purposes. In fact it was the then commonly used and corrosive "iron gall" inks which have caused the most damage to surviving early letters.
Regency Stamps ] Now with a ruler and holding the page length-ways with the writing facing toward us, we fold the two sides edges almost vertically inwards so that the two folds just touch each other.
Some types of nibs were more suitable for particular styles of writing than others and gave more control over the amount of ink applied, just as with ball-point pens today.
This actually produced an excellent acid-free paper which has thus lasted extremely well, especially when it was used for printing newspapers. The reason for the size and the limit of one sheet of paper will become very apparent later. Wikipedia] We shall next need a steel nib "dip" pen along with a bottle or container of ink.
Grosvenor Auctions ] The last part of the process would be to seal our letter in order firstly that it did not burst open in transit and secondly that it was not fully opened by prying eyes, either in transit or upon delivery.
By keeping the seal at the same side as the bottom of the address on the reverse front side this should ensure that the Post Office hand stamp impression will not be placed anywhere near the wax seal, either cracking it or risking an indistinct stamp impression. The letter cannot be fully opened without breaking this quite effective seal and signs of any tampering would now be very evident.
Alternatively, granules of the red wax could be melted in a spoon over a candle and placed on the paper.
From an early age all educated children would have the basics of letter writing instilled in them simply because there was no other means of communication available to them should a personal visit not be possible. It was a source of great pride to be able to write a good letter and indeed such was expected of all well educated people.
The "Sheridan Improved" Dictionary, [Source:How to Address an Envelope to Two People With Different Last Names That Live in the Same Household When addressing an envelope to two people with different last names, you need to consider a few factors.
Write the return address on the back flap of the envelope to be in keeping with etiquette. Also, address labels are not recommended if. Lenovo (United States) Inc.; Analysis To Aid Public Comment. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the complaint and the terms of the consent order—embodied in the consent agreement—that would settle these allegations.
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