Thus the hunts functioned to reinforce and define social boundaries of moral and acceptable behavior. They are born dead or die within a few hours of birth. Kramer and Sprenger went on to quote most intense classical and biblical slander of women. At least one leading historian has characterized the Witchcraft as misogyny of witch executions as a "blood-bath" Russell The inquisition had the office of protecting Christians against the "internal" threat of heresy as opposed to "external" military threats such as those of the Vikingsthe Mongolsand the Saracens or Turks.
And very few were granted freedom; the few that were, were judged and mistrusted by society; their lives ruined. While the nucleus of the early modern "witch craze" would turn out to be popular superstition in the Western Alpsreinforced by theological rationale developed at or following the Council of Basel of the s, what has been called "the first real witch trial in Europe,"  the accusation of Alice Kyteler inoccurred in 14th-century Irelandduring the turmoils associated with the decline of Norman control.
The Mistaken Conspiracy Theory: Witches by Hans Baldung Grien Woodcut, During the High Middle Agesa number of heretical Christian groups, such as the Cathars and the Knights Templar had been accused of performing such anti-Christian activities as Satanism, sodomy and malevolent sorcery in France.
In the later 18th century, witchcraft had ceased to be considered a criminal offense throughout Europe, but there are a number of cases which were not technically witch trials but are suspected to have involved belief in witches at least behind the scenes.
This occurs in at least 30 percent of cases. It would not necessarily have been so for newer forms of mental disorder. BUT no credible evidence reveals the survival of much paganism or any organized fertility cults, beyond common superstition and simple folk traditions.
This linkage may have been fairly general. The debate over the origins of syphilis in Europe has tended to ob- scure any systematic consideration of its effects. You probably would, too. Later they admitted the real reason they testified against her was because of their fear against her character.
Yet, it may have been implicated in the inexplicable wave of witchcraft hysteria that swept across much of Europe during the same period. In a pronatalist age, when Europe was still recovering from the demographic impact of the Black Death, women generally tended to bear the brunt of virtually any intimation that fertility and reproduc- tion were being thwarted by negligence or malevolence.
Witchcraft had not been considered a heresy during the High Medieval period. The Witchcraft Act put an end of the traditional form of witchcraft as a legal offense in Britain. A scholarly consensus only emerges in the second half of the 20th century, and historical estimates vary wildly depending on the method used.
Witch- craft and healing in Jacobean England. Syphilis had probably spread quite widely by the mid- dle of the 16th century. Thus, why were "witches" to blame, and not other common scapegoats Jews, Sodomites, deviants, foreigners or other supernatural forces such as demons without the aid of human witches?
Men in some witch hunts were the majority of victims; and some hunts persecuted children of both sexes.Witchcraft and the Inquisition Witchcraft and the Inquisition: Using the Inquisition to Suppress Dissent & Outsiders. Source: Jupiter Images of witches reached its zenith at a time when Christianity's attitudes against sex had long since turned into full-blown misogyny.
The Witch: Subversive, Heretic or Scapegoat? By Danny Dawson Part I An Induced Misogyny: Why were women the disproportionate victims of the Great Witch-Hunt? Witchcraft, it is true, had been punished as a crime.
“All women as the “daughters of Eve” were allegedly more prone to sin - Witchcraft Trials and Misogyny introduction. This sinfulness, in view of their closeness to nature, could well show itself in the perversion of nature” (Becoming Visible, pg. ). This was generally the view civilians shared in regards to the female gender, especially.
Syphilis, Misogyny, and Witchcraft in I6th-Century Europe ERIC B.
ROSS. Institute of Social Studies, P.O. BoxLT The Hague, The Netherlands. Volume 36, Number 2, April 1 Syphilis, Misogyny, and Witchcraft in i6th-Century Europe ERIC B. ROSS Institute of Social Studies, P.O. BoxLT The Hague, The Netherlands.
[xliv] In the process of the feminisation of witchcraft, the crime of witchcraft was also feminised [xlv] It is argued that because misogyny has been so permanent a part of western culture that it cannot be deployed as a cause .Download